# Algorithms -- 2009-2010 -- info.uvt.ro/Laboratory 2

**Quick links: front; laboratories agenda, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, evaluation, tools, references.**

## Notes[edit]

- Python notes (everything, including functions):
- Python -- First Steps (in English);
- Python -- Primii Paşi (in Romanian);

- Laboratory / seminar problem set 1:
- in English (from profesor Daniela Zaharie);
- in Romanian (from profesor Daniela Zaharie);

- Laboratory / seminar 2 problem set:
- in English (from profesor Daniela Zaharie);
- in Romanian (from profesor Daniela Zaharie);

## Exercises[edit]

From the first problem set, exercises:

- similar to problem
**8**(for**en**), or**9**(for**ro**), but for the function ; (which is the approximation of , where x in near to 0;) - problem
**9**(for**en**), or**10**(for**ro**) (Fibonacci sequence, and the fraction between two consecutive terms);

From the second problem set, exercises:

**1**, set operations:- membership;
- union;
- intersection;

## Assignment[edit]

**For submission please follow: assignment 2.**

From the first problem set, exercises:

- problem
**9**(for**en**), or**10**(for**ro**), point**d**, random number generation using congruential method; (see wikipedia:Linear congruential generator;) - like in the context of the problem
**8**(for**en**), or**9**(for**ro**): approximation of the function:

From the second problem set, exercises:

- in the context of problem
**1**, difference between two sets:- those elements that are in A but not in B; (see wikipedia:Complement (set theory)#Relative complement;)
- symmetric difference (those elements that are either in A or in B); (see wikipedia:Symmetric difference;)

## Solutions[edit]

- computing with a given precision:

```
p = input ("precision = ")
x = input ("x (between 0 and 1) = ")
pt = 1 # previous term
ct = x # current term
cti = 2 # current term index
s = pt + ct # the sum
while abs (pt - ct) > p :
pt = ct
ct = float (pt * x) / float (cti)
cti += 1
s += ct
print s
# the result for x = 0.5 should be around to 1.6487
```

- approximation of the ratio between two consecutive Fibonacci terms:

```
p = 0.00001 # precission
pt = 1 # previous fibonacci term
ct = 1 # current fibonacci term
cr = float (ct) / float (pt) # current ratio
pr = cr + 2 * p # previous precission
while abs (pr - cr) > p :
pr = cr
a = pt
pt = ct
ct = ct + a
cr = float (ct) / float (pt)
print cr
# the result should around 1.618
```